Headaches & Migraines
Headache, also known as cephalalgia, is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It occurs in migraines, tension-type headaches, and cluster headaches.
Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from two to 72 hours. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity. Up to one-third of people have an aura: typically a short period of visual disturbance which signals that the headache will soon occur. Occasionally, an aura can occur with little or no headache following it.
Neck Disc Herniation
A herniated disc in the neck will start with symptoms such as numbness or tingling that radiates to the shoulder and can go down the arm, into the hand and even the fingers. Eventually pain will follow in all or some of the symptomatic areas. Pain levels can be minor or sever. Depending on how and where the disc is herniated will dictate how minor or sever the symptoms and pain will be. For conservative management of a herniated disc in the neck, it is important to restore proper function and motion as soon as possible. Specific neck exercises can be a helpful aide in relieving some or all of the pain and also strengthen and restore function in the effected area. This will help not only reverse the symptoms and pain but will help prevent further damage.
Everyone should have a small curve in their neck that looks like a backwards letter C. This curve helps keep the head balanced on top of the spine, preventing it from falling forward. When the curve in the neck has been reduced, straightened or is curved in the opposite direction, a significant amount of strain and or pain can be felt in the neck muscles and radiate to surrounding areas. In severe cases, it can even cause full or partial paralysis below the neck. This incorrect curve in the neck will eventually start to stretch the spinal cord and can effect the vital nerve energy that goes from your brain to the spinal cord, which leads to every single nerve fibre in your body. Correction of an incorrect curve is key to stopping and reversing the damage and pains and preventing injury or any further damage.
The causes of tight muscles in the neck are diverse. Stress, poor posture, repetitive actions, injury, caring a heavy bag, exercise, the list can go on and on. The neck provides passage for vital structures, such as the esophagus, trachea, and spinal cord. It also contains major blood vessels that supply oxygen to out brain. It is easy to see how tight muscles in the neck can be accompanied by a slew of symptoms and other issues for your body. Discomfort and pain are just the tip of the iceberg.
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ), also known as temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) among others, is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication and the temporomandibular joints. The most important feature is pain, followed by restricted mandibular movement, and noises from the temporomandibular joints during jaw movement. Although TMJ and TMD are not life-threatening, it can be detrimental to quality of life, because the symptoms can become chronic and difficult to manage.